CLINICAL AND THERAPY
A controversy: the relationship between the unconscious and the conscious
|Prof. Alexander FILTS
(Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Lviv State Medical University, Ukraine)
A CONTROVERSY:THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE UNCONSCIOUS AND THE CONSCIOUS
The discussion about a correlation of subconscious (unconscious) and conscious had been begun by S.Freud. His two attempts to present these parities are known under the names "topic" and "structural" model of the mental system. These models are still basic for development of all subsequent concepts. The basic principle of Freud`s model construction and of the majority of consequent concepts is the spatial structuring of the image of mental system. Another words, in a great deal of psychoanalitical and affiliated theories the mental system is considered to be accordingly understood as a certain structure represented in spatial coordinates. We proceed from the postulate that all the mental processes happening as experiences do not have a spatial but temporal representation, i.e. are being structured in time. It means that any theoretical model of a correlation between subconscious and conscious described in spatial terminology would be essentially mechanistic and bond to positivistic world vision. So if to proceed from our postulate one is due to speak not about the structure but a temporal evolution and specific temporal hierarchy of the mental system. In such a case what is being meant by the notion of the "unconsciousness" can prove to be a more recent formation than consciousness. Accordingly the term "extraconscious" is likely to be more appropriate. Taking into account the ontologic (temporary) nature of the forming of consciousness and unconsciousness one can consider that the principle function of consciousness is the analysis of the surrounding world, and of the extraconscious - its synthesis. This is corresponded by the etymological sense of notion of consciousness, one of which primary "roots" is schizis, i.e. splitting, i.e. ana-lysis.