The meaning of Martin Heidegger’s existencial analityc for psychiatry’s self-understanding

Ludwig Binswanger

The meaning of Martin Heidegger’s existencial analityc for psychiatry’s self-understanding

From "Psichiatria e erritorio" Vol. VII No. 1 (1990).

(*) Italian translation by Prof. Max Beluffi

And perhaps, you think to understanding really, soul’s deep peculiarity without whole’s specific character ?

Platone, Fedro, 270

M. Heidegger’s existencial analytic has a double meaning for the psychiatry; it has given empiric psychopatologic research a new objective and methodic basis which gets over space, actually pertaining to it and makes the psychiatry aware of possibilities and limits about its wordly and scientific project, that is of its trascendental comprehensive horizon by an elaboration of existential concept science. The two meaningful trends are linked each other srictly and both refer to "Sein und Zeit" (1927) and to "sull’essenza del fondamento" (1929). The purpose of "Sein und Zeit" essay was to elaborate "concretely" the problem about being’s meaning and its contingent intention was to interpret the time as possible horizon of every understanding about ‘the being’. The path toward this aim, led beyond the ‘concrete’ elaboration about "being’s conception of to be there", as to be-in the-world, id est, trascendency. Heidegger put in Psychiatry’s hands a methodological topic by the fundamental structure elaboration of "to be there" as to be in the world; so that it has been possible to look for and describe the phenomena to be explored by it and their intrinsic connections of phenomenic kind, without some prejudice of content kind, in this way free from every scientific theory.

E. Husserl and Brentano showed the meaning of this "phenomenologic" method and new following possibilities for this specific scientific research, notwithstanding his philosophy arouse from intentional space as unitary relationship between trascendental subjectiveness and objectivity. Moreover, it has also been conclusive the turning-point, from theoretic conception and description of psichic events in a "subject", in order to understand and describe shapes and structures of intentional cosciousness, that is the cosciousness of something, id est to be oriented toward something. It needs to know again that this cosciousness was still suspended in trascendental-self’s soft atmosphere.

The full text has been published in Psichiatria e Territorio Vol. VII No. 1 (1990) in the italian translation by Prof. Max Beluffi

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